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Electrophoresis is a lab method to separate tiny particles like DNA, RNA, or proteins. An electric current moves these particles through a gel or matrix. The gel has small pores that act like a sieve, letting smaller particles move faster than larger ones.

Scientists use known size standards to determine the size of particles in a sample. These standards are run on the same gel and compared to the sample.

The principle of electrophoresis involves placing charged particles in an electric field. These particles move toward either the negative or positive pole depending on their charge.

For example, nucleic acids, like DNA and RNA, have a negative charge and move toward the positive pole. You can get electrophoresis and molecular biology equipment online from one of the best suppliers, MBP Inc.’s collection.

Types Of Electrophoresis:

There are different types of electrophoresis, such as capillary electrophoresis, gel electrophoresis, paper electrophoresis, slab electrophoresis, zone electrophoresis, immunoelectrophoresis, and isoelectrofocusing. Each type has its specific applications and uses.